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The other day, I posted a poll on what post I should write next, and 57.1% voted for a “founders resource guide.” And because I’m working on a first-time founders course, I thought I’d focus the guide on first-time founders. Here we go…

In this post, you’ll find:

  • Founder Basics
  • A Note for Underestimated Founders
  • Resources

And although the concepts that I share in the Founder Basics are simple, in the +1,000 startups I’ve reviewed for investment, I’ve seen first-time founders skip these foundational blocks, spend a lot of time and money, and then end up creating a business that ends up a zombie or flat out fails.

So, keep it simple, check-box the basics and your gut, stay scrappy, gritty, and dig in.

Disclaimer: Businesses are both art and science. No one has all the answers. No one has one plan that will guarantee your or your startup’s success.

FOUNDER BASICS

Before you start creating a business, explore what it means to be an entrepreneur, get to know the range of entrepreneurs, the difference between a small versus a venture capital backable business, evaluate whether taking the risk (since most startups fail) is something that you and your family can tolerate, and review your personal goals. Assuming being an entrepreneur is still something you want to do…

Keep in mind that there are bad reasons to become an entrepreneur, such as telling yourself “everyone is doing it” or you want to become a millionaire quickly. Also, know you will feel lonely at times and the process of building a business will be physically, mentally, and emotionally taxing.

ID problem

Spend a lot of time on problems and identify the one you’ll work on solving. Consider what problems you care about solving most and assess what problems you are the best suited to address. Are you an expert in the problem? Have you encountered the problem and solved it for yourself? You get the point.

Once you identify the problem you will solve, do your research on the market and people or companies who will benefit from your solution (AKA your future customers). Get to know 1) the market size and growth and 2) how your future customers see the problem (e.g., is it a priority for them, will they pay for someone to solve it), what they’ve used/tried to solve the problem, and what’s missing in existing solutions. Ask yourself, is the problem you are solving in a market that is large and growing? Do you have a unique perspective/advantage and the background/team needed to solve the said problem? Assuming the answer is yes, yes, and yes…

Continue researching. Get help from those who are in and around your problem path. Who else is working on a business that is complimentary, competing, similar, or adjacent to solving the problem you are solving? Meet with those who have been on and are working in the same arena (e.g., industry, market). Learn what they have learned so that you can avoid mistakes. You’ll inevitably make your own mistakes but it’ll be nice to avoid those others have made. Learning from others will help you save time, money, and worry.

V1 Plan Doc

Put all the work you’ve done in one place in a doc. Having spent plenty of time on the problem, understanding the space, and having listened in to those who have gone before you, your solution (AKA the product/service) will start taking shape. So, write your exec summary of the problem and solution; draft v1 of your business concept; the story of how you got started (and the founding team, if applicable), summarize your market and industry research; draft v1 of your product/service development plan; a financial model that describes v1 of costs and how you’ll make money (it doesn’t have to be complicated); and a timeline plan to launch. Note: the plan will continue to evolve, as you learn more.

Test + Iterate

Start testing your solution. You will want to develop your v1 product/service and see if you can garner traction. The goal of v1 should be to validate customer demand, not to build a perfect (or even automated) solution. Take your v1 product/service to the people or companies who will benefit from it, try to sell it to them, get their feedback, and then go back to the drawing board. Reassess next steps.

v1 Deck

Using the content in your v1 plan and what you’ve learned in testing your solution, create a v1 pitch deck. It will help you keep a forest level view when you get too much in the weeds, and help you quickly communicate to others what you’re working on. Here’s what to consider including in your v1 deck: 1) problem; 2) market size/growth; 3) current solutions; 4) your solution and differentiator(s) (that no one else can easily replicate); 5) how your solution works; 6) the traction you’ve had; 7) how you’re making money (AKA business model/financials); 8) metrics that will make your company succeed/fail (and how you’re improving on those); 9) business roadmap (what you’re working towards); 10) team (highlight how your team is the right one for the business). Note: the deck will continue to evolve, as you learn more.

And then continue improving your product/solution. Build muscle memory in the cycle of design, test, learn, and iterate. This will help you pivot or decide to close your business or get to a minimal viable product/service and help grow your business.

Stay Scrappy, Gritty, and Trust Your Gut

For v1 of your startup, keep things as simple as possible, spend the least amount of capital possible, and leverage the power of Google and community. Building companies always takes more time and money than originally thought, and you don’t want to run out of either. So, stay scrappy and gritty. Remember that the goal is to build a business that provides products/services that help address problems people or organizations are willing to pay for. And trust your gut.


A NOTE FOR UNDERESTIMATED FOUNDERS

As a woman of color at the cross-section of startups, venture capital and tech, and a woman who has worked with many underestimated founders, I want to acknowledge that the world usually requires us to work 10xs harder than anyone else. On your journey, there will likely be people who want to convince you that we live in a meritocracy and may “unintentionally” gaslight you. The thing is that there is no such thing as a meritocracy and the journey is uphill. That’s reality. And yet, there is a silver lining. There are those of us in the community who know and get the underestimated founder experience. And this community wants to support and increase the number of underestimated founders and funders. Look for us. We’re out here and we want to see you succeed.


RESOURCES

This is a live list of resources. Which others should be added? Share the link with me here.

Getting started

Doing the nitty-gritty

Leverage tools and resources to build your business

Get pitch deck inspiration

Metrics

Financials

Find a program to take your business to the next level

Set yourself up for fundraising activities

Investor Relations

Exits

Underestimated founder resources

Communities

Investors and funds to follow for their content and vibe

If you have any questions, please DM me @lolitataub.

This article was originally posted here on Medium on Feb 23rd 2020.

The post First-Time Founders Resource Guide appeared first on POCIT. Telling the stories and thoughts of people of color in tech..